Course Report is happy to present our sixth Market Sizing Report, another in-depth, empirical study that takes stock of the coding bootcamp industry each year. Course Report polled every full-time, in-person US/Canadian bootcamp with courses in web and mobile development, gathering statistics on 2018 graduates and projected 2019 graduation rates. Our response rate was once again impressive: 93% of schools responded.
This year marks the 7th anniversary for the coding bootcamp industry, and the number of coding bootcamp graduates continues to grow since the first bootcamps launched in 2012. Coding bootcamps are a $309 million industry and will graduate ~23,000 developers in 2019.
Coding bootcamps will graduate over 23,000 students in 2019 and are ramping up Online & Corporate Training in 2019. Course Report found:
|2018 Coding Bootcamp Market Size Study|
|2018 Graduate Outcomes + Demographics Study|
|2017 Coding Bootcamp Market Sizing Study|
1 Note: the 2017 figure does not include online coding bootcamp graduates.
2 We estimated undergraduate CS graduates by using the 2017 Taulbee Study, published by the CRA (https://cra.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/2017-Taulbee-Survey-Report.pdf). The Taulbee Study is a survey of PhD-granting departments, released annually in May. The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics compiles statistics on undergraduate degrees, but hasn’t published statistics since 2011. We assumed that Taulbee captured 26% of the total undergraduate degrees, based on the most recent comparison published at http://cra.org/crn/2012/11/counting_computing_cra_taulbee_survey_and_nsf_statistics/.
|Academy Pittsburgh||Actualize||Ada Developers Academy|
|Alchemy Code Lab||App Academy||Arkansas Coding Academy|
|Array School of Technology & Design||Awesome Inc U||Big Sky Code Academy|
|Bitmaker General Assembly||BoiseCodeWorks||Bottega|
|BrainStation||Buildschool||Burlington Code Academy|
|Byte Academy||Carolina Code School||Claim Academy|
|Cleveland Codes||Code Fellows||Code Platoon|
|Code Stack Academy||CodeCore Bootcamp||CodeCrew Code School|
|Coding Dojo||Coding Temple||Concordia Bootcamps|
|Cook Systems Fast Track'd||Craftmanship Academy||Deep Dive Coding|
|Delta V Code School||devCodeCamp||DevMountain|
|DevPoint Labs||DigitalCrafts||Eleven Fifty Academy|
|Epicodus||Flatiron School||Fullstack Academy|
|General Assembly||Grace Hopper Program||Grand Circus|
|Hack Reactor||Hackbright Academy||HackerYou|
|Helio Training||Holberton School||Horizons Academy|
|Ironhack||Innovate Birmingham||Inventive Academy|
|Jax Code Academy||JRS Coding School||Launch Academy|
|Lighthouse Labs||Max Technical Training||Momentum|
|Montana Code School||Nashville Software School||NewForce|
|Operation Spark||Orange County Code School|
|Origin Code Academy||PDX Code Guild||Platform by Per Scholas|
|Prime Digital Academy||Project Shift||Punch Code|
|Pursuit||RED Academy||Redwood Code Academy|
|Resilient Coders||Rithm School||Skill Distillery|
|Software Guild||Suncoast Developers Guild Academy||Tech Elevator|
|Tech Talent South||Techtonica Academy||The Clubhou.se Code Bootcamp|
|Untapped Code Academy||V School||We Can Code IT|
|Wyncode||Zip Code Wilmington|
|Coding Dojo||General Assembly||Hack Reactor/Galvanize|
|Jax Code Academy||Kenzie Academy||Lambda School|
|V School||Woz U|
9 bootcamps are not included in the 2019 study which were included in 2018, for a variety of reasons:
In our sixth annual Course Report Survey, we surveyed a total of 110 coding schools, commonly referred to as “bootcamps” or “accelerated learning programs.” Of the schools surveyed, which had to meet a set of criteria described below, 102 completed the survey, for a response rate of 93% percent. The surveys were sent to school representatives and graduation figures are self-reported by the respondents.
Criteria – In-Person. To qualify for inclusion in the survey, a school must (a) offer full-time, in-person instruction of 40 or more hours of classroom time per week, (b) not be administered by an accredited college or university, (c) provide coding-specific curriculum with a focus on Full-Stack Web Development, Mobile Development, or Front-End Web Development (a separate report will be released for schools specializing in product development, data science, design, marketing, or security), and (d) have campuses in the United States or Canada. Many schools offer courses at multiple campuses across a wide range of curriculums. Respondents were asked to only report on courses meeting the above criteria (full-time, in-person, non-accredited, programming-specific, United States/Canada).
Criteria – Online. To qualify for inclusion in the survey, a school must (a) offer full-time, synchronous, online instruction of 40 or more hours of classroom time per week, (b) not be administered by an accredited college or university, (c) provide coding-specific curriculum with a focus on Full-Stack Web Development, Mobile Development, or Front-End Web Development and (d) be instructor-led.
2019 Forecast. All participants reported the number of students who graduated in 2018. All participants also provided estimates of their expected, 2019 graduate total.
Course Analysis. In addition to survey responses, we utilized the Course Report database of individual, in-person course sections to identify a sample of 180 courses (used in Table 4 and Chart 1) from all 96 qualifying in-person schools. To qualify for our sample, the course needed to meet all of the above criteria and have a start date in 2018.
About Course Report. Course Report, founded in 2013 by Liz Eggleston and Adam Lovallo, operates https://www.coursereport.com/, which helps potential students find and research coding bootcamp programs. Course Report offers a directory of schools, course schedules, reviews and interviews with teachers, founders, students, and alumni.
We find that coding bootcamps continue to put more resources into training new developers through Corporate Training partnerships. In 2019, 29 bootcamps report that they have corporate training partnerships. Tables 9 & 10 show the growth of this category.
*note: these findings apply to in-person courses only
Chart 1a: Top Full-Stack Web Development Teaching Languages by Courses
Mobile Development coding bootcamps have historically been taught using Java (Android), Objective-C (iOS), or Swift (iOS). In 2019, 54% of Mobile Development bootcamps teach iOS with Swift (Chart 1b), marking a shift from Objective-C to Swift.
Chart 1b: Top Mobile Development Teaching Languages by Courses
This year’s market sizing report includes bootcamps that provide coding-specific curriculum with a focus on Full-Stack Web Development, Mobile Development, or Front-End Web Development. Of these three career tracks, Chart 1c shows the continued popularity of Full-Stack Web Development – 94% of coding bootcamp grads learn Full-Stack Web Development (Chart 1c).
Chart 1c: Top Career Tracks by Graduates
Tuition ranges from free to $28,000 for an in-person course, with an average tuition of $13,584. Courses range from 4 to 104 weeks with an average of 15.1 weeks, but most courses are in the 12 week range. Our study focuses on full-time programs, where students typically commit at least 40 hours per week, between classroom and programming time. The average Online bootcamp costs $12,898 and lasts 24.3 weeks.
|Less than $5,000||2%|
|$5000 - $9,999||15%|
|$10,000 - $14,999||44%|
|Greater than $15,000||31%|
|Schools offering Deferred Tuition||11|
|Schools offering Income Sharing Agreement||5|
Based on our estimate of 17,524 in-person graduates in 2019, we estimate tuition revenue for in-person schools at $238,051,273 in 2019, excluding rebates and scholarships.
Based on our estimate of 5,519 online graduates, we estimate revenue for online bootcamps at $71,186,477, excluding rebates and scholarships.
In 2019, 23 schools offer alternative tuition options like deferred tuition, income-sharing agreements, or employer-sponsorship.
Our 2018 Market Sizing Study projected the 2018 market size of in-person coding bootcamp graduates to be 18,470 graduates. Our 2019 study finds that the actual market size in 2018 for in-person graduates was 13,407 graduates. Thus, in-person coding bootcamps overestimated their 2018 growth by 37.76%.
Our 2018 Market Sizing Study projected the 2018 market size of online coding bootcamp graduates to be 1,846 graduates. Our 2019 study finds that the actual market size in 2018 for in-person graduates was 2,022 graduates. Thus, online coding bootcamps underestimated their 2018 growth by 8.7%.
As of June 1, 2019, there are coding bootcamp courses in 71 US cities and 38 states, and 14 online.
Location data is from a sample of 180 courses from all 96 qualifying schools. Table 5, Table 6, Table 7, and Table 8 refer to number of courses in each location.
|City||# bootcamp courses|
|New York City||11|
|State||# bootcamp courses|
The 2019 Market Sizing Study again includes Canadian bootcamps. These 6 Canadian bootcamps graduated 888 students in 2018, will graduate an estimated 1,057 in 2019, and will generate $12,056,406 in revenue in 2019. The most popular teaching language in Canadian bootcamps is divided evenly between Ruby on Rails and MEAN Stack.
As of June 1, 2019, there are coding bootcamp courses in 7 Canadian cities and 4 provinces.
|City||# bootcamp courses|
|State||# bootcamp courses|
After surveying school representatives from the 110 qualifying coding bootcamps, Course Report estimates that coding bootcamps will educate 45,592 graduates in 2019 – this includes in-person coding bootcamps, online coding bootcamps, and corporate training.
|2019 in-person graduates (projected)||17,524|
|2019 online bootcamp graduates||5,519|
|2019 corporate training graduates||22,549|
|Total 2019 graduates||45,592|
After surveying school representatives from the 96 qualifying US/Canada-based in-person coding bootcamps, Course Report estimates a 31% growth rate for the in-person coding bootcamp market in 2019.
|2013 graduates (actual)||2,178|
|2014 graduates (actual)||6,740|
|2015 graduates (actual)||10,333|
|2016 graduates (actual)||15,077|
|2017 graduates (actual)||16,190|
|2018 graduates (actual)||13,407|
|2019 graduates (projected||17,524|
|Estimated growth rate (2018-2019)||31%|
|Industry growth rate since 2013||705%|
|2018 graduates (actual)||2,022|
|2019 graduates (projected)||5,519|
|Estimated growth rate (2018-2019)||171%|
Among the respondents, 6 schools reported “zero” graduates in 2018 (ie. the schools were new to the industry in 2018). That group expects to graduate 80 students in 2019. Among the 96 participating schools we surveyed, 70 schools expect to grow in 2019.
There are 96 coding bootcamps offering full-time in-person programming courses in the US/Canada in 2019. This accounts for 7 schools that have closed or were consolidated/acquired and 5 schools that no longer qualify for inclusion in this report (see more in Participating Schools).