Course Report is pleased to present our third Market Sizing Report, another in-depth, empirical study that takes stock of the coding bootcamp industry. The findings confirm continuing industry growth between 2015-2016.
Course Report polled every full-time, in-person US/Canadian bootcamp with courses in web and mobile development, gathering statistics on 2015 graduates and projected 2016 graduation rates. Our response rate was once again impressive: 96.7% of schools responded.
Coding bootcamps continue their rise in an industry that will graduate over 17,966 students in 2016. Course Report found:
|2015 Coding Bootcamp Market Size Study|
|2015 Graduate Outcomes + Demographics Study|
|2014 Coding Bootcamp Market Sizing Report|
1 We estimated undergraduate CS graduates by using the 2015 Taulbee Study, published by the CRA (http://cra.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/2015-Taulbee-Survey.pdf) The Taulbee Study is a survey of PhD-granting departments, released annually in May. The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics compiles statistics on undergraduate degrees, but hasn’t published statistics since 2011. We assumed that Taulbee captured 26% of the total undergraduate degrees, based on the most recent comparison published at http://cra.org/crn/2012/11/counting_computing_cra_taulbee_survey_and_nsf_statistics.
Respondents in the 2016 Coding Bootcamp Student Outcomes & Demographics Study graduated from the following 91 bootcamps:
|Academy Pittsburgh||Ada Developers Academy||App Academy|
|Awesome Inc U||Big Sky Academy||Bitmaker Labs|
|Cincy Code IT||C4Q Access Code||Claim Academy|
|Code Builders||Code Fellows||Code Platoon|
|CodeCore Bootcamp||CodeCraft School||CodeMasters Academy|
|CodeNinja||Coder Camps||Coder Foundry|
|Coding House||Coding Temple||Craftmanship Academy|
|Cultivating Coders||DecodeMTL||Deep Dive Coders|
|Dev League||DevMountain||DevPoint Labs|
|Fullstack Academy||Gainesville Dev Academy||Galvanize|
|General Assembly||Grace Hopper Academy||Grand Circus|
|Guild of Software Architects||Hack Reactor||Hackbright Academy|
|HackerYou||Holberton School||Horizons Academy|
|Ironhack||Launch Academy||LEARN Academy|
|Mobile Makers Academy||Montana Code School||Nashville Software School|
|New York Code + Design Academy||Omaha Code School||Orange County Code School|
|Origin Code Academy||PDX Code Guild||Prime Digital Academy|
|RefactorU||Sabio||SD Code Bootcamp|
|Silicon Stem Academy||Skill Distillery||Softstack Factory|
|Startup Institute||Tech Elevator||Tech Talent South|
|Telegraph Academy||The Iron Yard||The Starter League|
|The Software Guild||The Tech Academy||Think Academy|
|V School||We Can Code IT||Wyncode|
|Zip Code Wilmington|
Missing from 2016 Study:
10 bootcamps are not included in the 2016 study which were included in 2015, for a variety of reasons.
In our third annual Course Report Survey, we surveyed a total of 91 US/Canada-based coding schools, commonly referred to as “bootcamps” or “accelerated learning programs.” Of the schools surveyed, which had to meet a set of criteria described below, 88 completed the survey, for a response rate of 96.70 percent. The surveys were sent to school representatives and graduation figures are self-reported by the respondents.
To qualify for inclusion in the survey, a school must (a) offer full-time, in-person instruction of 40 or more hours of classroom time per week, (b) not be degree-granting through an accredited college or university, (c) provide coding-specific curriculum with a focus on Full-Stack Web Development, Mobile Development, or Front-End Web Development (a separate report will be released for schools specializing in product development, data science, design, or marketing), and (d) based in the United States or Canada. Many schools offer courses at multiple campuses across a wide range of curriculum. Respondents were asked to only report on courses meeting the above criteria (full-time, in-person, non-accredited, programming-specific, United States/Canada).
All participants reported the number of students who graduated in 2015. All participants also provided estimates of their expected, 2016 graduate total.
In addition to survey responses, we utilized the Course Report database of individual course sections to identify a sample of 193 courses (used in Table 2 and Table 3). To qualify for our sample, the course needed to meet all of the above criteria and have a start date in 2016.
After surveying school representatives from the 91 qualifying US/Canada-based coding bootcamps, Course Report estimates a 74% growth rate for the coding bootcamp market in 2016.
|2013 graduates (actual)||2,178|
|2014 graduates (actual)||6,740|
|2015 graduates (actual)||10,333|
|2016 graduates (projected)||17,966|
|Estimated growth rate||74%|
|Overall growth rate since 2013||112%|
Among the respondents, 17 schools reported “zero” graduates in 2015. That group expects to graduate 837 students in 2016. Among the schools operating in 2015, all but 6 schools expect to grow (see Footnote 2). The number of schools offering full-time programming courses in the US/CA has increased from 67 in 2015 to 91 in 2016.
2 Note: Mobile Makers Academy operated immersive bootcamps in 2015, but will change their model to serve high school students in 2016, and are therefore not expected to grow. Starter League operated an immersive bootcamp in 2015, but was acquired by Fullstack Academy, and are therefore not expected to grow (their graduate numbers are included with Fullstack Academy). Tradecraft no longer offers an immersive Engineering track, and are therefore not expected to grow in 2016.
Tuition ranges from free to $21,000 for a course, with an average tuition of $11,451. Courses range from 8 to 36 weeks, but most courses are in the 10-12 week range with an average of 12.9 weeks. Our study focuses on full-time programs, where students typically commit at least 40 hours per week, between classroom and programming time.
|Less than $5000||5.2%|
|$5000 - $9,999||24.0%|
|$10,000 - $14,999||54.2%|
|Greater than $15,000||13.5%|
Based on our estimate of 17,966 students in 2016, we estimate tuition revenue at $199,169,551 in 2016, excluding rebates and scholarships. Some schools also collect placement fees from employers for students accepting full-time jobs after graduation. Many schools offer job-placement rebates, ranging from a few thousand dollars to the entire tuition. Typically, rebates are offered to students who receive a qualifying job through the school’s job placement program or in the form of a money-back guarantee for students not placed in jobs.
In 2016, 6 schools offer “Deferred Tuition,” including App Academy and Grace Hopper Academy. Deferred Tuition refers to a payment model in which students pay the school a percentage (18%-22.5%) of their salary for 1-3 years after graduation, instead of upfront tuition.
TABLE 3a: TOP TEACHING LANGUAGES BY COURSE
TABLE 3b: TOP TEACHING LANGUAGES BY GRADUATES
As of June 1, 2016, there are coding bootcamps in 69 US cities and 34 states.
|New York City||13|
As of June 1, 2016, there are coding bootcamps in 8 Canadian cities and 5 provinces.
Our 2015 Market Sizing Study projected the 2015 market size to be 16,065 graduates. Our 2016 study finds that the actual market size in 2015 was 10,333 graduates. Thus our 2015 report overestimated 2015 growth. Last year, our 2014 report underestimated year-over-year growth by 11%.
The 2016 Market Sizing Study again includes Canadian bootcamps. These 6 Canadian bootcamps graduated 701 students in 2015, will graduate an estimated 1,029 in 2016, and will generate ~$6.8M in revenue in 2016. The most popular teaching language in Canadian bootcamps is divided evenly between Ruby on Rails and MEAN Stack.