2016 Course Report Alumni Outcomes & Demographics Study

CODING BOOTCAMP ALUMNI REPORT A 64% INCREASE IN SALARY.
By Liz Eggleston
Published on SEPTEMBER 1, 2016

Overview

Course Report is excited to present the results of our latest and most comprehensive survey of graduates in the coding bootcamp space. We surveyed graduates from 52 qualifying coding schools and received 1,143 qualified graduate responses.

The majority of graduates of coding bootcamps are finding full-time employment, and 73% of graduates surveyed report being employed in a full-time job requiring the skills learned at bootcamp, with an average salary increase of 64% or $26,021. This year's Student Outcomes & Demographics Study dives into bootcamp graduate success, analyzing not only demographics and outcomes, but also how previous experience, income, location, and other factors impact a student's average salary and ability to get a developer job.

 

Thanks so much to the schools who participated in this study and helped distribute it to their alumni networks!

 

 

Key Findings

In our third annual graduate survey, and the most complete cross-school study of its kind in the coding bootcamp industry, we found strong evidence of salary growth, with respondents reporting a $26,021 average increase in their first job after attending a coding bootcamp.

Key Finding 1. Avg Salary Change

Change in Avg Salary Before After
All Respondents $40,866 $66,887
Employed Full-Time $49,562 $68,609

Key Finding 2. Median Salary Change

Change in Median Salary Before After
All Respondents $40,000 $65,000
Employed Full-Time $44,000 $65,000

 

In addition, bootcamp attendees are more likely to be working full-time after graduation.

Key Finding 3. Change in Employment

Change in Employment Before After
Employed Full-Time 53.9% 68.1%
Employed Part-Time 7.9% 3.2%
Employed Freelance 6.4% 6.8%
Self-Employed 5.9% 3.1%
Student 8.5% 3.4%
Unemployed 17.4% 15.4%

 

As students continue their job search after graduation, job placement trends upwards. 89% of job-seeking respondents who took the survey 120+ days after graduation were placed.

Key Finding 4. Time to Accept a Job

28.5%   52.3%   66.0%   75.2%   89.3%
placed   placed   placed   placed   placed
30 DAYS   60 DAYS   90 DAYS   120 DAYS   120+ DAYS

The outcomes report also finds:

  • 73% report working in a job requiring the skills learned at bootcamp, compared to 1.4% working as full-time programmers beforehand.
  • The average student paid $11,792 in tuition.
  • The typical attendee is 30 years old, has 6.8 years of work experience, has at least a Bachelor's degree, and has never worked as a programmer.
  • 43.3% of bootcamp graduates are female.
  • Graduates report an average satisfaction rating of 8.83/10.
  • Use of external lending partners has increased drastically since 2014 (from 8% in 2014 to 17% in 2016). 

The "Survey Results" tab shows interesting insights like:

  • Undergraduate Law majors saw the greatest salary jump after attending a bootcamp. Graphic Design majors are most likely to be employed using the skills they learned at a bootcamp after graduation. 
  • Graduates working in San Francisco boast the highest average salary of the cities in this report (California has the highest average salary of any state, but check out where Washington falls!)
  • Coding bootcamps provide a $39,190 lift in salary for low-income students, compared to a $2,347 lift in salary for high-income students
  • Students with only a High School degree experienced the highest lift in salary after graduating from a bootcamp: $33,300. 76.4% of bootcamp graduates have at least a Bachelor's Degree.
  • Students who learned Python continue to have the highest average salaries after graduation (~$90K). Students who learned PHP at a bootcamp are most likely to be employed using the skills they learned at a bootcamp after graduation. 

 

 

Results

Student Demographic Profile

Respondents self-reported demographic information such as age, gender, and race. The student profile is summarized below in Table 1.

Table 1. Demographics

 Age Mean Standard Error
 Mean Age 30.41 0.33
 Gender % Standard Error
Female 43.3% 3.5%
Male 55.0% 3.5%
Non-Binary 1.7% 0.5%
 Ethnicity % Standard Error
American Indian 0.1% 0.07%
Asian American 12.0% 1.4%
Black 5.4% 0.8%
Other 12.6% 3.4%
White 69.9% 3.6%
 Hispanic Origin % Standard Error
Yes 12.7% 1.2%
No 87.3% 1.2%
 Citizenship % Standard Error
Yes, born in the US 78.7% 1.6%
Yes, naturalized. 5.8% 0.9%
No 15.5% 1.4%
 Education % Standard Error
Some high school 0.2% 0.01%
High school degree 2.6% 3.1%
Some college 15.4% 1.6%
Associate's degree 5.4% 0.6%
Bachelor's degree 60.8% 3.6%
Master's degree 13.8% 1.3%
Professional degree 0.9% 0.4%
Doctorate degree 0.9% 0.3%

 

Many coding bootcamps offer scholarships for women, so we compare our findings on gender enrollment to the 2015 Taulbee Survey, an annual survey of computer science programs at accredited universities. The Taulbee study estimated that 15.7% of 2015 bachelor degrees were awarded to females. Our study suggests that bootcamps (43.3% female) compare favorably to traditional computer science departments (as well as masters programs) on gender diversity.

Location

Majority of bootcampers attended their courses in San Francisco, while California was the state that had the highest amount of bootcamp graduates.

Table 2a. Cities in which Bootcampers Attended 

City Sample Size %
San Francisco 185 17.52%
New York 147 13.92%
Denver 114 10.80%
Toronto 64 6.06%
Bloomington 55 5.21%
Akron 54 5.11%
Los Angeles 41 3.88%
Washington 37 3.50%
Seattle 36 3.41%
Provo 32 3.03%
Culver City 31 2.94%
Miami 29 2.75%
Chicago 28 2.65%
Minneapolis 26 2.46%
Detroit 22 2.08%
Boston 18 1.70%
Atlanta 15 1.42%
Austin 15 1.42%
Portland 14 1.33%

Table 2b. States in which Bootcampers Attended

 State Sample Size %
California 310 28.00%
New York 147 13.28%
Colorado 126 11.38%
Minnesota 84 7.59%
Ontario 64 5.78%
Ohio 55 4.97%
Utah 42 3.79%
Washington 42 3.79%
Florida 40 3.61%
District of Cloumbia 37 3.34%
Illinois 28 2.53%
Michigan 22 1.99%
Massachussetts 18 1.63%
British Coloumbia 14 1.26%
Georgia 14 1.26%
Oregon 14 1.26%
Texas 14 1.26%
United Kingdom 13 1.17%
Australia 12 1.08%
Kentucky 11 0.99%

Pre-Bootcamp Work Experience

Most respondents were not employed as software developers prior to attending bootcamp, with an estimated 10.9% reporting some programming at work, and only 1.4% programming full-time prior to enrolling.

Table 3. Programming Experience

 Programming Background % Standard Error
 Full-time at work 1.4% 0.5%
Some at work 10.9% 1.0%
Some in my free time 47.3% 1.8%
None 40.4% 1.7%

 

The average previous work experience among students is ~7 years, although 17.4% report being unemployed prior to bootcamp enrollment, as shown in Table 4a. 

Table 4a. Work Experience and Salary

 Work Experience Mean Standard Error
 Years 6.8 0.20
 Salary Mean (USD) Standard Error
All respondents $40,866* $1,217
Those working full-time $49,562** $1,311
 Pre-Camp Employment Status % Standard Error
Employed full-time 53.9% 1.8%
Employed part-time 7.9% 1.1%
Employed freelance 6.4% 0.8%
Self-employed 5.9% 1.1%
Student 8.5% 1.0%
Unemployed 17.4% 1.6%
 * Median salary for all respondents is $40,000
** Median salary full-time working respondents is $44,000

The majority of bootcampers had an income level between $25k-$50k before attending bootcamp, as seen in Table 4b.

Table 4b. Prior Salary Pre-Bootcamp

 Prior Income Level % Standard Error
<$25,000 26.6% 3.5%
$25,000 - $50,000 47.7% 3.6%
$50,000 - $75,000 17.0% 1.4%
>$75,000 8.7% 1.0%

Pre-Bootcamp Industry

The most popular industries that Bootcampers were in before attending bootcamp, as seen in Table 5, included Hospitality/ Retail/ Tourism, IT/Web Development/Design, and Consulting (Business, Management, etc). 

Table 5. Most Popular Industries Pre-Bootcamp

Industry Sample Size
Hospitality/ Retail/ Tourism 153
IT/Web Development/Design 151
Consulting (Business, Management, etc.) 134
Education 132
Government / Non-Profit/ Human Services 79
Marketing/Advertising/Journalism/Media 79
Fashion/Entertainment/Music 75
Finance/Accounting 71
Health Care 52
Manufacturing 30
Construction 24
Real Estate 21
Fashion/Entertainment/Music 1

Applications & Student Expectations

Most graduates report applying to a coding bootcamp in order to gain a job as a programmer (89%), and 4% report attending in order to start their own company. Less than 1% report attending bootcamp to get a promotion or change jobs with their current employer. On average, bootcampers apply to 1.4 schools and are accepted to 1.3 schools. 

Table 6. Applications

 Number of Applications Mean Standard Error
 Number of schools applied 1.41 0.04
Number of acceptance 1.30 0.03
 Reason for Attending a Bootcamp % Standard Error
Getting a programming job 89.3% 0.9%
Starting a company 4.3% 0.6%
Getting a non-technical job 2.7% 0.7%
Freelancing/contracting 2.0% 0.3%
Building on Existing Skills 1.0% 0.3%
Getting a promotion 0.7% 0.2%

 

Finally, the most important factor to a future bootcamper when deciding between bootcamps are Job Placement Outcomes. Average ratings (Table 7) give some idea about the importance of factors. Job Placement Outcomes are the most important factor, then Quality of Instruction. Teaching Language and Location have about the same importance, followed by Tuition; Scholarships and Quality of Facilities are the least important factors. 

Table 7. Average Rating of Factors when Choosing a Bootcamp

(1-Most Important , 6-Least Important)

Factors Average Rating
 Job Placement Outcomes 2.35
Quality of Instruction 2.65
Teaching Language 3.81
Location 3.98
Tuition 4.30
Quality of Facilities 5.11
Scholarship 5.80

 

 

 

Tuition

Average tuition for a coding bootcamp is $11,792, with most students paying for school themselves or with the help of family and external loans (Table 8). Some schools offer tuition reimbursement for students who receive job placement through the school, but only 5% of students report receiving such reimbursements. 

Table 8. Tuition & Funding

 Tuition Mean Standard Error
 Tuition $11,792 $127
 Source of Funding % Standard Error
Self 44.1% 1.7%
Family 19.8% 1.4%
External Loan 15.8% 1.2%
School (Scholarship) 12.6% 0.7%
Employer subsidized 2.3% 0.2%
School Financing 5.4% 0.6%
 Tuition Refund for Job Placement % Standard Error
Yes* 5.1% 0.17%
No 94.9% 0.17%
* For those who received a refund, the average refund was 44.5% of the tuition cost ranging from 18% to 100%.

The most popular lending partners are Earnest and Climb Credit (Table 9). For 217 students who used External Loans, an average of 85.8% of the tuition cost was covered by a lending partner. The distribution of lending partners is shown below for those 217 students who used External Loans. Notice in Table 10 that the use of external lending partners has increased from 8.1% in 2014 to 17% in 2016.

Table 9. Lending Partners

 Lending Partner % Lending Partner %
Earnest 23.04% Bank Loan 3.23%
Climb Credit 23.04% Credit Card 1.84%
Affirm 10.14% Lendkey 0.92%
Other 7.83% WeFinance 0.46%
Pave 6.45% Quotanda 0.46%
Upstart 5.99% Prosper 0.46%
Skillsfund 5.99% LendingTree 0.46%
Lendlayer (now Affirm) 5.53% Avant 0.46%
Credit Union 3.69%    

 

Table 10. Year over Year Comparison of Funding Source

 Type of Funding By Year 2014 2015     2016
 Self 51.4 % 49.5 % 39.0 %
Family 25.1 % 20.1 % 18.4 %
External Loan 8.1 % 17.6 % 17.0 %
School (Scholarship) 6.4 % 5.6 % 17.6 %
Employer 0.0 % 2.4 % 2.4 %
School Financing 9.0 % 4.8 % 5.6 %

 

 

 

Student Outcomes

Post-Bootcamp Employment

Overall, 73% of graduates report being employed full-time in a job requiring the skills learned at bootcamp. Among those, most (68%) are in salaried, full-time position, with others reporting working as an independent contractor or running their own business. Both these statistics have increased since our 2015 Outcomes & Demographics Report, when 66% of graduates reported using skills learned at bootcamp and 62% employed full-time post bootcamp.

Table 11. Post Bootcamp Employment Status

 Post Camp Employment Status % Standard Error
Employed full-time 68.1% 3.6%
Employed part-time 3.2% 0.6%
Employed freelance 6.8% 3.2%
Self-Employed 3.1% 0.5%
Student 3.4% 0.3%
Unemployed 15.4% 1.6%
 Employed Using Learned Skills % Standard Error
Yes 73.0% 1.8%
No 27.0% 1.8%
 Salary (USD) Standard Error
All Respondents $64,887 $1,103
Employed Full-Time $68,609 $926

 

As students continue their job search after graduation, job placement trends upwards, with 75% of job-seeking graduates being placed within 120 days of graduation and 44% finding a job in less than a month.

Table 12a. Time to Accept a Job

28.5%   52.3%   66.0%   75.2%       89.3%    
placed   placed   placed   placed   placed
30 DAYS   60 DAYS   90 DAYS   120 DAYS   120+ DAYS

Table 12b. Average # of months until Job Placement

 Job Search Length % Standard Error
<  1 month 44.3% 3.4%
1-3 months 28.9% 3.6%
3-6 months 8.5% 3.4%
> 6 months 2.6% 0.7%
Still unemployed 15.7% 1.4%

School Services and Satisfaction

Many schools offer services to help prepare students for the job market. Almost all students report receiving some form of assistance: resume prep, apprenticeship, on-site interviews, and more.

Table 13. Career Services

 Resume Preparation Assistance % Standard Error
 Yes 97.5% 0.5%
No 2.5% 0.5%
 Apprenticeship/Internship Placement % Standard Error
Yes 53.4% 1.6%
No 46.6% 1.6%
Career Day/Networking/Interviews % Standard Error
Yes 95.7% 1.1%
No 4.3% 1.1%
 Job Guarantee % Standard Error
Yes 26.6% 1.1%
No 73.4% 1.1%

Most coding bootcamp graduates (57%) have one job after graduating. 56.7% still work at the first job they got after graduation. For students who have had more than one job after graduation, the average length they spend in their first job was about 8 months ranging from 1 month to 26 months. As bootcamp graduates accept second and third jobs, their average salaries also jump (Table 15). 

Table 14. Average # of Jobs After Graduation

Number of Post-Graduation Jobs % Standard Error
0 26.7% 1.7%
1 56.7% 1.7%
2 13.4% 1.4%
3 3.2% 1.1%

Table 15. Average Salary Change for Grads with >1 Post-Grad Job

Avg Salary Change USD Standard Error
From 1st job to 2nd job $5,910 $1,383
From 2nd job to 3rd job $18,719 $1,128
From 1st job to 3rd job $21,956 $2,445

 

Table 16. Most Popular Post-Bootcamp Job Titles

Job Title Count
Software Engineer 185
Software Developer 84
Web Developer 76
Front-End Developer 73
Developer 36
Application Developer 15
Junior Developer 13
Associate Software Engineer 9
Teaching Assistant 9
Junior Software Engineer 8

School Satisfaction

Graduates report an average satisfaction rating of 8.83/10 and would recommend their coding bootcamp to a friend 8.84 times out of 10. 

Table 17. School Satisfaction

Overall Program Satisfaction   Standard Error
Satisfaction (1-10) 8.83 0.09
Recommended (1-10) 8.84 0.10

 

 

 

Success Insights

This year's survey garnered increased participation, so we were able to analyze post-bootcamp success by a number of factors, including location, race, gender, educational attainment, and more. The following tables dig deep into analyzing the types of students who see the most success after graduating from a coding bootcamp. 

Income

The average bootcamper reported a $26K lift in salary after graduating from a bootcamp. Do low-income students experience the same increase in salary as middle and high income students? We find that low-income students see a lower average post-bootcamp salary than middle and high-income students, but a high lift in salary after graduation (~$39K lift). Pre-bootcamp income seems not to have a significant impact on ability to land a job as a developer after graduation.

Table 18. Pre-bootcamp Income vs. Post Bootcamp Success

 Post-graduation Salary Mean (USD) Standard Error
Prior income ≤ $30,000 $57,769 $1,188
$30,000 < Prior income ≤ $50,000 $66,640 $788
Prior income > $50,000 $80,286 $1,370
 Change in Salary after Graduation Mean (USD) Standard Error
Prior income ≤ $30,000 $39,190 $1,332
$30,000 < Prior income ≤ $50,000 $25,900 $802
Prior income > $50,000 $2,347 $1,633
 Employed full-time in job requiring bootcamp skills % Standard Error
Prior income ≤ $30,000 72.9% 1.8%
$30,000 < Prior income ≤ $50,000 73.2% 1.9%
Prior income > $50,000 73.6% 1.7%

 

Educational Attainment

The average bootcamp graduate reported a post-bootcamp salary of $66,887. However, there is a strong relationship between pre-bootcamp educational attainment and post-bootcamp salary. Students with a Master's degree reported the highest average salary of $75,806. 

Bootcampers with an Associate's Degree are most likely to be employed in a full-time job requiring skills learned at bootcamp (~84% reported being employed). Students with a High School Degree experienced the highest lift in salary after graduating from a bootcamp- $33,300. Our report reveals that bootcamp graduates with only a high school degree or "some college" saw very positive outcomes (Table 19). 

Table 19. Educational Attainment vs. Post Bootcamp Success

 Post-graduation Salary Mean (USD) Standard Error
High school $58,621 $1,099
Some college $58,890 $973
Associate's degree $58,396 $1,246
Bachelor's degree $66,310 $1,034
Master's degree $75,806 $1,933
 Change in Salary after Graduation Mean (USD) Standard Error
High school $33,300 $1,089
Some college $26,623 $1,274
Associate's degree $23,774 $1,576
Bachelor's degree $24,216 $1,386
Master's degree $18,393 $2,278
 Employed full-time in job requiring bootcamp skills % Standard Error
High school 74.0% 3.2%
Some college 69.6% 1.7%
Associate's degree 83.9% 0.9%
Bachelor's degree 74.4% 1.6%
Master's degree 67.7% 2.1%

*Doctorate degrees accounted for ~1% of respondents.

Programming Experience

As expected, students who had more experience in programming before attending a coding bootcamp tend to have higher average salaries and are more likely to be employed in a programming job after graduating. Bootcampers who reported that they worked in a full-time programming position before attending a bootcamp experienced the highest average salary lift (Table 20). 

Table 20. Programming Experience and Post Bootcamp Success

 Post-graduation Salary Mean (USD) Standard Error
None $62,027 $1,103
Some programming in my free time $67,129 $1,171
Some programming at work $73,101 $1,576
Full-time programming at work $76,513 $1,173
 Change in Salary after Graduation Mean (USD) Standard Error
None $23,801 $1,117
Some programming in my free time $23,019 $1,669
Some programming at work $23,237 $1,693
Full-time programming at work $35,595 $904
 Employed full-time in job requiring bootcamp skills % Standard Error
None 68.5% 1.8%
Some programming in my free time 76.8% 1.8%
Some programming at work 73.5% 1.9%
Full-time programming at work 92.5% 3.4%

 

Industry Background

Table 21 shows that Tech, Software and E-commerce, are the most popular industries that bootcampers join after graduation. 

Table 21. Most Popular Industries Post-Bootcamp

Industry Sample Size
Tech 125
Software 72
E-commerce 38
Healthcare 36
Education 34
Web Development 33
IT 25
Software Development 25
Advertising 23
Digital 22
Marketing 21
Retail 18
Finance 17
Media 16
Insurance 15
Consultancy 14
Finance Tech 14
Education Tech 12
Real Estate 11
Web  11

 

Race/Ethnicity

Coding bootcampers who identify as Black have a higher average salary after graduating from a coding bootcamp. Memo: American Indian was not included in Table 22a as there was only one case.

Table 22a. Ethnicity and Post Bootcamp Success

 Post Graduation Salary Mean (USD) Standard Error
Asian American/ Pacific Islander $68,998 $1,266
Black $70,078 $751
Other $64,110 $988
White $66,663 $1,313
 Change in Salary after Graduation Mean (USD) Standard Error
Asian American/ Pacific Islander $25,976 $1,265
Black $38,462 $940
Other $23,581 $1,019
White $24,015 $1,699
Employed Full-Time in Job requiring Bootcamp Skills % Standard Error
Asian American/ Pacific Islander 79.3% 1.8%
Black 36.0% 1.5%
Other 64.4% 1.4%
White 76.9% 1.6%

 

Table 22b. Ethnicity and Post Bootcamp Success

 Post Graduation Salary Mean (USD) Standard Error
Hispanic Origin- Yes $64,459 $1,197
Hispanic Origin- No $66,739 $1,187
 Change in Salary after Graduation Mean (USD) Standard Error
Hispanic Origin- Yes $21,575 $1,410
Hispanic Origin- No $24,919 $1,501
Employed Full-Time in Job requiring Bootcamp Skills % Standard Error
Hispanic Origin- Yes 67.2% 1.6%
Hispanic Origin- No 74.1% 1.6%

 

Gender

Women make up 43.3% of the coding bootcamp industry; Women also reported a higher average salary after graduating from a coding bootcamp. Men are more likely to be employed in a full-time job requiring skills learned at the bootcamp. Memo: "Non-binary" was not included in Table 23 as there were only 18 cases.

Table 23. Gender and Post-Bootcamp Success

 Post-graduation Salary Salary (USD) Standard Error
Male $65,945 $1,348
Female $67,279 $798
 Change in Salary After Graduation Mean (USD) Standard Error
Male $24,966 $1,504
Female $23,174 $1,037
 Employed full-time in job requiring bootcamp skills % Standard Error
Male 76.9% 1.8%
Female 70.9% 1.8%

 

Programming Language

While JavaScript has been gaining popularity in coding bootcamps since 2014, graduates who learned Python report the highest salary after graduation and the most drastic change in salary after graduation (Table 24). Graduates who reported learning PHP are most likely to be employed full-time in a job requiring skills learned at the boocamp(87%). 

Table 24. Programming Language Learned and Post Bootcamp Success

 Post-Graduation Salary Mean (USD) Standard Error
C# $61,479 $747
Objective-C $46,667 $1,990
Java $69,677 $844
JavaScript $67,007 $1,089
PHP $52.134 $2,548
Python $90,773 $1,608
Ruby $66,263 $1,467
 Change in Salary After Graduation % Standard Error
C# $21,294 $1,826
Objective-C $12,000 $570
Java $28,640 $563
JavaScript $24,313 $1,842
PHP $21,063 $3,507
Python $37,593 $1,177
Ruby $23,336 $1,829
 Employed full-time in job requiring bootcamp skills % Standard Error
C# 60.1% 2.5%
Objective-C 50.0% 10.9%
Java 53.4% 3.2%
JavaScript 76.5% 1.8%
PHP 87.1% 7.6%
Python 76.4% 2.6%
Ruby 73.6% 2.2%

 

Location

Cities with the highest average salaries remain the large tech hubs with plenty of developer jobs: San Francisco, Oakland, Seattle, New York City, and Denver were among the cities with highest mean and median salaries (Table 25a). States like California, Washington, Texas, New York, and Colorado were among the states with highest mean and median salaries. Note: Only cities with five or more cases were included in Table 25a and only states with 5 or more cases were included in Table 25b.

Table 25a. City and Post Bootcamp Success

City Sample Size Mean Salary Minimum Maximum
San Francisco 50 $101,779 $33,392 $175,000
Oakland 13 $101,731 $65,000 $200,000
Seattle 14 $79,286 $42,000 $125,000
New York 36 $69,922 $12,000 $125,000
Denver 38 $68,194 $24,000 $112,000
Los Angeles 29 $67,459 $12,000 $112,000
Minneapolis 27 $56,789 $31,200 $95,000
Cleveland 10 $55,200 $50,000 $60,000
Chicago 11 $52,597 $14,000 $90,000
Toronto 31 $50,278 $27,000 $115,000

Table 25b. State and Post Bootcamp Success

 State Sample Size Mean Salary  Minimum  Maximum
California 148 $87,862 $12,000 $200,000
Washington 21 $77,238 $42,000 $125,000
Texas 13 $72,701 $31,200 $100,000
New York 51 $71,680 $12,000 $125,000
Colorado 52 $68,565 $24,000 $112,000
Massachussetts 16 $66,709 $25,000 $120,000
Minnesota 52 $56,094 $13,920 $95,000
Illinois 14 $53,624 $14,000 $90,000
Utah 18 $53,574 $10,000 $100,000
Ohio 33 $52,243 $21,000 $65,000
British Columbia 46 $51,688 $26,000 $208,000
Florida 14 $47,199 $31,000 $60,000

 

Undergraduate Major

Does a students' academic background affect their success after a coding bootcamp? For respondents who reported earning Bachelor's Degrees, the highest salaried students studied Law, Anthropology/History, IT, English, Physical Sciences and Mathematics. Law majors saw the most drastic change in salary, and Graphic Design majors were most likely (99% in fact) to be employed after graduation, in a full-time role requiring skills learned at the bootcamp. 

Table 26. Undergrad Major and Post Bootcamp Success

 Undergraduate Major Sample Size Mean  Median Salary Change Employed in a job requiring bootcamp skills
Law 7 $118,500 $110,000 $67,300 57.00%
Anthropology/History 16 $104,059 $72,000 $65,353 76.00%
IT 12 $94,650 $90,000 $21,894 45.50%
Physical Sciences 24 $89,996 $77,000 $37,933 76.40%
Mathematics 24 $89,420 $80,000 $42,586 86.80%
Philosophy 20 $83,347 $72,500 $38,208 70.00%
Economics 39 $82,413 $78,000 $28,786 89.80%
Health 16 $78,534 $90,000 $37,114 72.60%
Engineering 52 $77,725 $70,000 $19,143 93.50%
Education 33 $77,001 $65,000 $26,248 45.00%
Foreign Language 18 $75,672 $57,500 $33,328 98.20%
Business 91 $70,675 $65,000 $13,665 73.30%
Life Sciences 37 $70,513 $65,000 $39,365 57.10%
Literature/Writing 38 $66,642 $66,000 $24,597 89.50%
Psychology 48 $64,860 $62,400 $22,632 85.60%
Other (please specify) 185 $63,358 $60,000 $18,499 68.00%
Music 17 $59,934 $60,000 $24,026 77.00%
Communications/Journalism 59 $59,858 $60,759 $21,721 62.50%
Art 42 $53,907 $58,000 $23,674 95.80%
Computer Science 25 $49,615 $68,000 $19,875 92.50%
Graphic Design 10 $48,828 $45,000 $10,820 99.00%

 

Tuition

Average tuition for a coding bootcamp is $11,792, with most students paying for school themselves or with the help of family (Table 27). Some schools offer tuition reimbursement for students who receive job placement through the school, but only 5% of students report receiving such reimbursements. 

Table 27. Tuition & Funding

 Tuition Mean Standard Error
 Tuition $11,792 $127
 Source of Funding % Standard Error
Self 44.1% 1.7%
Family 19.8% 1.4%
External Loan 15.8% 1.2%
School (Scholarship) 12.6% 0.7%
Employer 2.3% 0.2%
School Financing 5.4% 0.6%
 Tuition Refund for Job Placement % Standard Error
Yes* 5.1% 0.17%
No 94.9% 0.17%
* For those who received a refund, the average refund was 44.5% of the tuition cost ranging from 18% to 100%.

The most popular lending partners are Earnest and Climb Credit (Table 28). For 217 students who used External Loans, an average of 85.8% of the tuition cost was covered by a lending partner. The distribution of lending partners is shown below for those 217 students who used External Loans. Notice in Table 29 that the use of external lending partners has decreased since 2015 (from 25% in 2015 to 16% in 2016). This is likely due to the increase in school scholarship offerings now at 12% as opposed to 4% in 2015.

Table 28. Lending Partners

 Lending Partner % Lending Partner %
Earnest 23.04% Bank Loan 3.23%
Climb Credit 23.04% Credit Card 1.84%
Affirm 10.14% Lendkey 0.92%
Other 7.83% WeFinance 0.46%
Pave 6.45% Quotanda 0.46%
Upstart 5.99% Prosper 0.46%
Skillsfund 5.99% LendingTree 0.46%
Lendlayer (now Affirm) 5.53% Avant 0.46%
Credit Union 3.69%    

 

Table 29. Year over Year Comparison of Funding Source

 Type of Funding By Year 2014 2015 2016  
 Self 51.4% 49.5% 39.0%  
Family 25.1% 20.1% 18.4%  
External Loan 8.1% 17.6% 17.0%  
School (Scholarship) 6.4% 5.6% 17.6%  
Employer 0.0% 2.4% 2.4%  
School Financing 9.0% 4.8% 5.6%  

 

 

 

Participating Schools

Respondents in the 2016 Coding Bootcamp Student Outcomes & Demographics Study graduated from the following 52 bootcamps:

 

*This bootcamp is no longer operating.

 

 

Methodology

We surveyed graduates from 52 qualifying coding schools, commonly referred to as "bootcamps." We received 1495 responses from graduates, 1143 of which met the criteria described below. The surveys were sent to graduates and all figures are self-reported by the respondents.

Inclusion Criteria

Coding bootcamps: to qualify for inclusion in the survey, a school must (a) offer full-time, in-person instruction of 40 or more hours of classroom time per week, (b) not be degree-granting, (c) provide programming-specific curriculum.

Graduates

To qualify for inclusion in the survey, individuals must have completed a course offered by a coding bootcamp (as defined above) prior to August 12, 2016.     

Incentives

Participation in the survey was voluntary. An incentive for a $500 Amazon Giftcard was offered for participation.

Post-Stratification

Because bootcamps likely varied in the extent to which they distributed and advertised the survey to students, it is unlikely that our raw sample is representative of the overall population of students. To adjust for varying sampling probabilities across schools, we post-stratify the sample on school using the known (2015-2016) bootcamp sizes from a recent Course Report survey. Respondents are weighted such that the in-sample distribution of respondents across camps matches as closely as possible the known distribution of bootcamp sizes. Therefore, our estimates rely on a much weaker assumption than random sampling—we only need to assume that respondents are effectively randomly sampled within school strata.

About Course Report

Course Report, founded in 2013 by Adam Lovallo and Liz Eggleston, operates https://www.coursereport.com/, which helps potential students find, research, and apply to coding bootcamp programs. Course Report offers a directory of schools, webinars, thousands of reviews, and interviews with teachers, founders, students, and alumni.

 

 

About The Author

Liz is the cofounder of Course Report, the most complete resource for students researching coding bootcamps. Her research has been cited in The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, TechCrunch, and more. She loves breakfast tacos and spending time getting to know bootcamp alumni and founders all over the world. Check out Liz & Course Report on Twitter, Quora, and YouTube!

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