Most high-salary industries need more diverse workers, and tech is no exception. The conversation about diversity in tech usually focuses on gender, diversity encompasses racial, socioeconomic, cognitive, and experiential differences. Think pieces and diversity reports show large tech companies admitting they have a problem and beginning to address the diversity in tech crisis, but can the industry really change? Even if companies make public commitments to hiring more diverse candidates for technical positions, is the pipeline strong enough to fuel those hiring commitments? As we track non-traditional routes to tech at Course Report, it’s clear that talented, diverse coding bootcamp grads can fill that pipeline and play a role in shifting the demographics of the US tech industry.
What does the tech sector look like these days? According to the Department of Labor, the number of tech jobs in the US grew to 6.9 million in 2016 (up from 6.7 million in 2015), and the average salary for a US tech worker is $108,900. In 2016, the industry was composed of 66% men and 34% women; 70% of workers held bachelor’s degrees in computer science and the average tech employee is 40 years old. If we look at the racial breakdown of employees in tech vs. the US population in 2016, it’s obvious that something is off.
As top tech companies start to dig into their demographics and share that data publicly, it’s clear that the tech workforce lacks racial and gender diversity when compared to the actual population. Companies like NVIDIA, Microsoft, and Intel only have 27% of their technical roles held by women (even though generally 50% of the US population is made up of women). Black and Hispanic populations are represented the least in tech, while Asian employees dominate minority representation. Understanding the data marks the first step towards fixing the problem, but long story short: most tech companies retain White and Asian employees and usually keep their teams looking like a boys club.
Of course, even if the aforementioned tech giants make commitments to hire non-traditional candidates and revamp exclusionary recruiting practices, the tech skills gap remains. It may sound shocking, but 1.4 million computing and engineering positions need to be filled by 2020. Companies can’t hire skilled employees who don’t exist, and the lack of women and underrepresented minority students in STEM starts young.
So how do we retrain adults who are left out of traditional routes to high-paying tech jobs? Coding bootcamps present a solution.
For the uninitiated, coding bootcamps are intensive, accelerated learning programs that teach beginners digital skills like full stack web development, data science, digital marketing, UX/UI design, and more, in just a few months. The industry has grown 10x since the first bootcamps launched in 2012; coding bootcamps graduated around 23,000 developers in 2019 and are on track to earn $309 million in revenue in 2019. This alternative route to education is not only shorter and more cost-effective, but also more accessible to a wider range of potential students.
For the most part, bootcamps are aware of the potential that this model holds. “Racial and gender diversity are things that ultimately create cognitive diversity, which is something that creates a better learning environment in a bootcamp and ultimately a better work environment,” says Kristi Riordan, COO of Flatiron School. “The bootcamp industry is trying to increase representation within bootcamps and within the tech industry. When different types of people come together, we see magical and special results.”
The unique structure of a bootcamp lends itself to include groups that are historically shut out of traditional education. Low-income and marginalized groups in the US have limited access to high tuition schools, better education, and better-paying jobs. But we know that while opportunity is unevenly distributed, talent is not. One way to solve the pipeline issue described above is to tap into communities outside of Silicon Valley, and coding bootcamps aim to do just that by lowering the barrier to entry. Here are some benefits that bootcamps uniquely offer:
Lower opportunity costs combined with accessibility in coding bootcamps gives more individuals a chance to join the tech industry (and change their lives with access to $70-100k salary ranges).
In 2013 (the early stages of the bootcamp industry), bootcamps were graduating diverse developers, but we weren’t seeing the face of tech change. Bootcamp graduates largely went into junior developer roles, not positions of power. We now see bootcamp grads moving up in their positions quickly – 2-3 years into their careers, bootcampers are getting promotions, working in powerful roles, managing teams, and making hiring decisions. For example, this Fullstack Academy grad now leads his data acquisition team and Iron Yard alum Shane now manages his mobile dev team.
It’s not just bootcamps impacting this change in workplace culture; companies must also do their part in hiring with an emphasis on diversity and inclusion. And once a company hires diverse candidates, they must do what it takes to retain women and underrepresented minorities. The companies we’ve seen be most successful at diversity and inclusion often employ the following tactics:
Coding bootcamps are one way to increase diversity and inclusion in the tech pipeline, but it will take commitments from hiring partners and US companies to solve this issue. From filling the tech education pipeline with diverse candidates to changing hiring processes that previously shut out non-traditional applicants, in 2020 we hope to see the tech industry start to reflect the diversity of its consumers.
💡 Only ~7% of high tech jobs are filled by African American technologists. Bootcamps can help change the pipeline – so let’s shine light on scholarships specifically for future bootcampers of color!
Comment below with any scholarships we missed – we would LOVE to share!
💸: Scholarships are awarded based on financial need and the applicant's ability to meet the requirements of the course and scholarship application. Additionally, Code Fellows offers one (1) full-ride scholarship to a Black American in every cohort.
❓: Created to support diversity in the tech industry.
💸: Up to $1000 off tuition
❓: Created to support and encourage underrepresented groups in the technology industry.
💸: 50% off tuition
❓: Created to increase diversity in web development.
💸: $1,750 tuition discount
❓: Created to ensure underrepresented groups have equal access to a tech career.
💸: Up to $3000 off tuition
❓: Metis offers up to 30 scholarships per cohort to create more avenues for talented individuals from underrepresented groups
💸: full-ride scholarship and paid internship
❓: Created because diversity in tech matters!
💸: Up to 85% off tuition or $13,175
❓: Creating greater accessibility to careers in technology
💸: Up to full tuition scholarships
❓: Women, U.S. military veterans, low income, and populations underrepresented in technology (African American, Hispanic, and Native American, including Alaskan and Hawaiian, and people with disabilities) are encouraged to apply.
💸: Discounted tuition
❓: Burlington Code Academy is committing $50K to its Diversity Initiative. The Impact Scholarship is aimed at BIPOC, LGBTQ+, and womxn identifying students break into tech.
💸: Discounted tuition
❓: This scholarship is for those who identify as Black, Latinx, Pacific Islander, and Native American.
💸: Full-tuition scholarship
❓: The Black Engineers at Codesmith Scholarship is offered to students who identify as Black or African-American. The scholarship covers 100% of tuition for Codesmith's Full-Time or Part-Time Software Engineering Immersive programs for 10 students through the end of 2022.
💸: Apprenticeship post-bootcamp graduation
❓: The John Stanley Ford Fellowship offers apprenticeships to Black graduates of Flatiron School in order to support a more racially equitable workforce.
❓: We Can Code IT is committed to eliminating barriers that prevent people from entering the tech industry. The Diversity Grant can be applied to the tuition.
💸: $1,500 off immersive; $1,000 off flex
❓: DigitalCrafts $1MM You Belong in Tech Scholarship Fund offers automatic scholarships to underrepresented people in tech, including women, Black and Latino students.
💸: $500,000 in scholarship funds
❓: App Academy and Facebook have partnered to offer students $500,000 worth of tuition scholarships!
💸: $1,000 tuition scholarship or scholarship worth 50% of UX Academy tuition
❓: Designlab's Diversify Design Scholarship aims to build equity and inclusive representation in the design industry.
💸: $5,000 tuition scholarship
❓: Awarded to one women-identifying student per cohort from the Black &/or Indigenous community.
💸: From a minimum $500 up to $7,000 scholarship
❓: Awarded on a scale and every admitted student who applies receives at least the minimum.
These coding bootcamps were specifically created to empower POC future technologists:
2. Pivot Technology School
Pivot Technology School's mission is to help support minorities gain access to comprehensive technology training for today's workforce. Pivot Tech School offers 20-week, live online bootcamp programs in Web Development and Data Analytics, and also offers its students mentorship and career assistance.
3. The Black Codher
Based in Birmingham, England, The Black Codher bootcamp was designed to help Black women who are either unemployed or employed with a salary of under £20k make a career-change into tech. In the 30-week, part-time bootcamp, students learn software programming, data management and analytics, design thinking, and machine learning and AI. The Black Codher also offers networking opportunities and career assistance to its students.
"Make sure you find either a mentor or a group of people who understand you. They don't have to be other women of color, but people who will be supportive of you and your career. I joined the Facebook group Sista Circle: Black Women in Tech a few months ago that has completely changed my thinking. When I was applying to Microsoft, members of that group flooded my inbox with messages of support!" Beverly, Hackbright Academy alum
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