Written By Liz Eggleston
Java is a high-level, object-oriented programming language. It’s a long-established language that was released in 1996 by Sun Microsystems. Java was created as an open-source tool to support the premise of Write Once, Run Everywhere (WORE)—making software more readily available across a variety of platforms. A program written in Java is converted into “bytecode”, which is like a generic executable that allows it to run on any Java-enabled device.
It’s often referred to as “opinionated” or “strongly typed” because of how it enforces concepts. For example, Java doesn’t let a developer change the data type of a variable. We as humans know that a name is going to be a string of letters and a person’s age is going to be a number, but a computer doesn’t make that distinction.
Java programming language enforces that concept: if the computer stored a 42 as a name or “Tiffany” as an age, the program would know that there was an error somewhere and raise an error saying, “Is this really what you want to do?”.
Python is a lightweight programming language that was created in 1991. It’s often referred to as a scripting language because it’s interpreted as a script as it’s running in real-time instead of compiling into an executable file.
Python can handle object-oriented coding, but it doesn’t require it like Java. Python is well-designed for readability and flexibility as well as general-purpose programming. It’s been heavily adopted by the scientific community and there are a lot of amazing libraries where you can connect your code to leverage the results of other people’s research.
Python has also become popular in the world of task automation from small scripts to help an IT department to managing large deployments of computer networks. It’s also gaining popularity in the world of cybersecurity.
Python used to be considered more of a hobby language, but these days it’s known for being broadly utilized across a wide range of sectors. Besides being a go-to web development tool for many companies, it’s used in fields like science and research as well as finance. It’s useful in many fields where a non-programmer needs to reach for a programming language due to its accessibility.
While Python and Java are both programming languages, it’s difficult to compare them in the same light. It’s similar to comparing a 4x4 truck (Java) meant for heavy lifting to a sports car (Python) meant for weaving through tight turns. They’re both cars, but their intended purpose and application are different.
Many people that are new to coding agonize about which language they should learn first. When it comes down to it, it’s hard to go wrong. Between Java and Python, it depends on why you want to learn to code.
Java has a steep learning curve which can deter some students, but it’s a useful language. If you’re interested in going into mobile development or Android, you probably want to focus on Java.
Web development with Python is a strong use case, but there are specialty areas that it’s useful for as well. Anyone interested in artificial intelligence, machine learning, cybersecurity, DevOps, and other similar fields will benefit from learning Python.
Python was actually created before Java, but it wasn’t until more recently that it has seen widespread adoption. In the past few years, Python has proven to be an excellent and reliable language to support a wide variety of industries.
Both languages have been around for over 20 years, but Java was definitely adopted earlier. Java’s ability to easily translate across different operating systems was a defining factor in its establishment as a core language used by large companies. Some aspects of the Java world feel old and can be inflexible at times, but it’s still widely used for many different projects.
Java and Python are both heavily used in a variety of situations and they can sometimes be used for similar tasks. Here are a few real-world applications of Java and Python.
Java has long been a popular choice for web and mobile development and it’s still one of the most widely-used languages today. Python was less popular until fairly recently, but its adoption has exploded across different industries. It’s highly flexible, so it’s able to accommodate many different types of tasks. Python has become a staple in tons of different fields populated by people that aren’t coders by trade (ie. data science and FinTech).
Java grads at Code Fellows and other bootcamps go on to get job titles like Android Developer or Mobile Developer. Graduates from both Java and Python bootcamps will go on to become Web Developers.
Microsoft and Google both use the job title, “Software Engineer” and Amazon uses “Software Development Engineer.” Python grads might see a title of DevOps Engineer, Data Engineer, or Site Reliability Engineer (SRE). The pay scale is pretty similar between Java and Python engineers and depending on location, they can make around $79K yearly in an entry-level role. At Code Fellows, graduates go into a wide range of careers using the skills they learn from either of these tracks.
Google uses Java extensively, especially when it comes to the development of Android as a platform. Amazon is also a heavy user of Java with its AWS cloud services and customer-facing e-commerce products being powered by Java. Many large-scale companies including Apple, Tik Tok, Uber, and Airbnb utilize Java internally.
Google is such a large company that it uses several different languages internally, including Python. It’s famously used to create Instagram, as well as Netflix and Reddit. Another interesting example of a company that uses Python is Industrial Light and Magic. This special effects house uses Python to manage their specialized rendering, graphical rendering, and special effects creation.
Code Fellows curriculum is modular, which means it’s designed to meet you at your current skill level whether you are a beginner, intermediate or advanced. Students have the ability to test in at the appropriate level ensuring they are learning with similarly skilled learners. Regardless of where you start, they will ensure you have the skills you need to meet the needs of the tech industry.
Their modular curriculum is not only flexible but also covers the most sought-after skills in the industry, thanks to a team of fully dedicated curriculum developers who work with top tech companies to ensure you are keeping up with the demands of the industry.
ASP.NET and C# are created, maintained, and advanced by Microsoft, which makes them popular choices for people interested in the company. Our course was built in partnership with Microsoft to help train up recent CS grads and apprentices for their software development roles. C# is also a great choice for those interested in Unity, a popular framework for games and AR/VR apps.
You don’t need to go to a coding bootcamp to figure out if you want to code! Here are a few resources to help get you started.
Liz Eggleston is co-founder of Course Report, the most complete resource for students choosing a coding bootcamp.
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